Agungbayunugroho's Blog

Archive for the ‘Mobil’ Category

Hellaflush simply means having the wheel Flush with the fenders. This is usually achieved with wheel offset or spacers and usually requirers a good deal of negative camber.

This is a style that is growing at a very rapid pace. It originated from drift cars that were low and had wide wheels pushed out as far as possible. It is also very popular with VIP styled cars as well.

The term “Hellaflush” was coined by Fatlace, and is now one of their brands and the name of their most popular string of car shows. it seams they are slowly leaning toward “Slammed Society” for a brand name

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JAKARTA – Kondisi jalan Ibukota yang kerap kali diselimuti kemacetan ternyata menjadi faktor pemicu munculnya penyakit stres warga Jakarta. Dan hati-hati, stres termasuk gangguan kejiwaan.

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LOS ANGELES – Hati-hati untuk para kaum perempuan. Baru-baru ini sebuah survey membuktikan hampir setengah juta kasus kecelakaan tiap tahunnnya disebabkan akibat wanita yang mengemudi sambil berdandan.

Survey tersebut dilakukan oleh satu lembaga keselamatan jalan raya di Amerika Serikat (AS). Menurut survey tersebut, seperti dikutip dari Dailymail, Jumat (2/10/2009), 4.000 pengemudi perempuan dilaporkan mengalami kecelakaan. Dan kecelakaan terbanyak akibat kecerobohan saat perempuan tersebut berdandan saat mengemudi.

Perempuan dengan usia 17 hingga 21 tahun menjadi jumlah korban yang paling banyak. Karena mereka disinyalir paling sering berdandan saat mengemudi.

Direktur lembaga keselamatan jalan raya tersebut, Diamond Sian Lewis menilai, fenomena ini sungguh mengkhawatirkan. “Kita semua memiliki kehidupan yang serba sibuk, tapi kalau Anda berdandan saat mengendarai mobil berarti Anda tidak memperhatikan jalan,” tegasnya.

Dia juga menyindir para kaum perempuan dengan pertanyaan, ‘apakah maskara lebih penting dibandingkan keselamatan Anda dan pengguna jalan yang lain?’

“Perempuan memang terkenal hebat melakukan lebih dari satu hal sekaligus, tapi jelas buka saat mengemudi,” katanya. (uky)

o8XFYJSJRIJAKARTA – Apa yang ada dibenak Anda ketika melihat sosok Toyota Corolla DX bercat putih ini? Body mulusnya sangat pantas jika dipakai untuk jalan-jalan santai di malam minggu. Tapi jangan tanya soal kekuatan mesin.

“Umur” Corolla DX ini memang sudah puluhan tahun, sebab mobil ini diproduksi tahun 1983. Tapi soal tenaga, mobil klasik ini sanggup tembus hampir 250 hp!

Ya, satu set dapur pacu 4AG20 Turbo Intercooler sudah terpasang di DX ini. Tak hanya itu, header, dan gear box juga ikut dibenahi. Hasilnya, tenaga mobil pun melonjak drastis. “Kita rombak total semua mesinnya,” ujar Isa dari Kazero Tuning yang dipercaya merestorasi mobil ini.

Biar mobil tetap stabil menapak aspal, sektor kaki-kaki turut dibenahi. Warga Pondok Indah yang ogah disebut namanya itu mempercayakan Isa dan timnya merombak sistem suspensi bawaan Corolla DX dengan satu set shock adjustable dan coil over berlebel TRD.

Kini mobil siap dipacu menyamai mobil-mobil keluaran terbaru. Tak khawatir stabilitas mengemudi akan terganggu, sebab sudah dibekali pelek 15 inci RS Watanabe. Dengan pelek ini, ban melekat mantap dengan aspal.

Angka 250 hp yang mampu diraih, rasanya tak sia-sia usaha sang merogoh merogoh kocek hingga Rp100 juta lebih demi membangun mobil ini. “Selera orang kan beda, ada yang suka tampil kasik ada yang senang ngebut, kebetulan dia suka yang kedua,” ujar Isa mengomentari mobil ini. (ton)

klaksonKlakson adalah terompet elektromekanik atau sebuah alat yang membuat pendengarnya waspada. Biasanya klakson digunakan pada kereta, mobil dan kapal untuk mengkomunikasikan sesuatu, dimana klakson memberi tahu pendengarnya bahwa ada kendaraan yang datang dan mengingatkan akan kemungkinan bahaya yang terjadi

Klakson elektrik ditemukan oleh Miller Reese Hutchison yang merupakan kerabat Thomas Edison.Klakson di terapkan pada mobil mulai tahun 1908. Pertama kali klakson ini dipasang pada mobil pribadi yang arus listriknya berasal dari baterai sel kering berkekuatan 6 volt, dan pada tahun 1911 arus listrik untuk membunyikan klakson menggunakan baterai yang bisa diisi ulang.

Suara khas dari klakson ketika ditekan berasal dari sebuah elektromagnet yang digunakan untuk menggerakan baja spiral. Jika elektromagnet tersebut diberi arus, spiral tersebut bergerak ke arah magnet. Ketika spiral berpindah di titik maksimum ke arah magnet, sambungan dilepaskan yang menyebabkan arus berhenti untuk beberapa saat dan menyebabkan baja spiral tersebut mengendur. Setelah itu, elektromagnet kembali begerak ke arah besi. Siklus ini terjadi berulangkali dan menyebabkan baja spiral berosilasi kembali yang menghasilkan suara klakson tersebut.

Pihak berwenang sudah mempunyai aturan yang ditujukan kepada produsen kendaraan bermotor untuk membedakan bunyi klakson sesuai dengan ukuran kendaraannya. Peraturan tersebut berguna untuk mengidentifikasi jenis kendaraan yang datang. Sebagai contoh bunyi klakson truk atau bus berbeda dengan mobil sedan, biasanya suara klakson pada bus atau truk terdengar jauh lebih dalam dan lebih kencang. Jadi pengemudi kendaraan lain bisa lebih waspada karena tahu kendaraan apa yang akan melewatinya.

Asal kata klakson berasal dari bahasa yunani kuno yaitu klazo yang artinya menjerit. Di sebagian besar negara dalam bahasa sehari-hari mereka menyebutnya car horn. Di Romania dan Belgia mereka menyebutnya claxon, lalu di Perancis mereka menyebut klakson dengan ejaan klaxon.

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The Mitsubishi Galant is an automobile manufactured by Mitsubishi Motors since 1969. The name was derived from the French word galant, meaning “chivalrous”.[1] There have been nine distinct generations, and cumulative sales now exceed five million.[2] It began as a compact sedan, but over the course of its life has evolved into a larger mid-size car. Initial production was based only in Japan, but since 1994 the American market has been served by vehicles assembled at the former Diamond-Star Motors (DSM) facility in Normal, Illinois.

First generation

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The first generation of the car, initially known as the Colt Galant, was released in December 1969. Three models were available, powered by the new ‘Saturn’ engine in 1.3 (AI model) or 1.5 L (AII and AIII) configurations. A 1.6 L version came the following year. The design was dubbed “Dynawedge” by Mitsubishi, referring to the influence of aerodynamics on the silhouette.[2] Initially only available as a four-door sedan, a two-door hardtop variant was added in 1970, offering the unique stylistic feature of being the first Japanese production passenger car with full side windows and no side pillars. It became Mitsubishi’s first car to be sold in the United States in 1971 when the Chrysler Corporation, the company’s new partner and stakeholder, began importing the car as the Dodge Colt. It was also sold in Australia alongside the larger Chrysler Valiant models, in four door form as the Chrysler Galant.

From 1970, a fastback coupé model was developed, the Galant GTO. Fashioned after contemporary American muscle cars, the hardtop GTO was available with a choice of three 4G32 ‘Saturn’ engines, and was available until 1975. The nameplate was sufficiently highly regarded in Japan for it to be resurrected for the 1990 Mitsubishi GTO coupé.

A second coupé was introduced in 1971, the Galant FTO. Powered by the 4G41 1.4 L engine, it too would leave a legacy for the company to return to in the 1990s with the Mitsubishi FTO.

Second generation

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The second generation Galant was more widely exported as Mitsubishi’s ambitions grew. It was again sold by Chrysler in many different guises; as the Dodge Colt in the United States, as the Plymouth Colt and Plymouth Cricket in Canada (from 1974),[3] as the Chrysler Valiant Galant in Australia, and in Europe as the Colt Galant.

This model was more curvaceous, influenced by contemporary “coke-bottle” styling, and featured a range of larger ‘Astron’ engines developing up to 125 PS to complement the ‘Saturn’ units. During the second generation, the first Astron 80 engines were introduced using Mitsubishi’s newly developed “Silent Shaft” balance shaft technology for reduced vibration and noise.

Third generation

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The third-generation of the car was introduced in 1976, and was known as Galant Σ (Sigma). In many export markets the car was simply known as the Galant, while the Dodge Colt name continued in America. A wagon variant was available to complement the sedan. In Australia, where the car was built locally at Chrysler’s Clovelly Park plant, it was known as the Chrysler Sigma. A new coupé (two door) was introduced in 1976 to replace the Galant GTO, known in Japan as the Galant Λ (Lambda).

Mitsubishi introduced the MCA-Jet engine with its latest Galant. This incorporated the “Jet Valve”, a secondary intake valve which improved emissions without necessitating the need for a completely redesigned cylinder head.

The third generation Galant was the recipient of the Car of the Year award in South Africa in 1977

Fourth generation

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Mitsubishi’s fourth iteration of the Galant/Sigma debuted many new innovations for Mitsubishi. Their new ‘Sirius’ engine was offered in turbocharged form for performance enthusiasts, while for economy, an ‘Astron’ 4D55, the first diesel engine in a Japanese passenger car, was also available. A new electronic fuel injection system was introduced on some models of the gasoline Astron.

For the second generation in a row Mitsubishi could claim to be building an award-winning car, as this was chosen as Car of the Year in New Zealand in 1981.

From 1982 to 1983, some of the Australian Sigmas were exported to the United Kingdom with the Lonsdale badge, circumventing the voluntary import quota restrictions adopted by Japanese manufacturers. However the car was unsuccessful, and for 1983 and 1984 it carried Mitsubishi Sigma badges in the UK before imports were discontinued.

The wagon version was facelifted, although from firewall back the vehicle remained the same. Production of the wagon version continued in Australia until 1987 when it was replaced by the new Magna.

The two door coupé was also redesigned for 1981 and was sold through 1983. The fourth generation was known as the Mitsubishi Scorpion in Australia, and the Dodge Challenger and Plymouth Sapporo in the United States.

The fourth generation sedan and coupé were both slightly larger than the third generation cars. Additional emphasis was given to ergonomics, aerodynamics, and safety. Shoulder room, leg room, and head space were all increased, and the trunk was slightly enlarged for more luggage capacity. The interior was made quieter with additional carpeting and other acoustic dampening materials and a double-thickness front bulkhead.

Fifth generation

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A fifth-generation model shifted to front-wheel drive for 1983 as a four-door sedan and hardtop (with different styling). This formed the basis of the widened Mitsubishi Magna in Australia for 1985, the same year in which Mitsubishi won Bild am Sonntag‘s Das Goldene Lenkrad (Golden Steering Wheel) award in Germany for the Galant and Wheels’ Car of the Year for the Magna.[5] This generation was also sold as the Mitsubishi Sigma until 1990 in the United States, and in New Zealand, where it continued on as the V3000 from 1988 to 1992 with a 3.0-litre V6 engine.

Export trim levels were often engine-specific, depending on the market: GL models were offered with either 1.6L or 1.8L engines, GLS models (GLX on certain markets) had 2.0-litre engines (badged 2000 GLS) and Diesel versions had a 1.8-litre turbodiesel engine. The diesel model did not have a trim level, it was simply 1800 TD.

Sixth generation

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In 1987 the same platform was used for a sixth-generation model which adopted taller, rounded styling. This generation won the Car of the Year Japan award in 1987 and the GS model became Motor Trends Import Car of the Year in 1989.[6] This Galant began American sales in 1989 side by side with the Sigma.

In 1991 Mitsubishi Motors Company complete a new assembly facility at Barcelona, Venezuela being the Galant one of the first produced models. It was sold until 1994 under the ZX, MF, MS and MX names, which indentified the various levels of equipment and transmission.

The Sigma designation disappeared with the 1990 model. A new hardtop liftback model was added in 1988, called the Mitsubishi Eterna. This generation was also sold in Canada as the Dodge 2000GTX and Eagle 2000GTX. Sales ended in 1992.

A limited edition based on the GTi-16v model was introduced in 1989, modified by German tuning company AMG (now owned by Mercedes-Benz),with mildly uprated engine (172 PS (127 kW; 170 hp)) and unique bodykit, alloy wheels & leather interior.

The sixth generation was also the first to see the introduction of the VR-4 variant, which was the basis for Mitsubishi’s participation in the 1988–1992 World Rally Championships. The Galant’s 4G63 two litre DOHC turbocharged engine and 4WD transmission was later adopted for the Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution with little modification, and would remain in production for fifteen years.

Seventh generation

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A new Galant debuted in 1992 (model year 1994 in America), available as a four-door sedan and five-door liftback (sedan only in America). A Japan-only hardtop derivative called the Mitsubishi Emeraude was also launched in 1992. This generation marked a substantial change in suspension design, switching from struts to double-wishbones in front and from a beam axle to multi-link in the rear.

Because the Lancer Evolution was now Mitsubishi’s homologated rally car, the seventh generation VR-4 became a less overtly sporting vehicle, eschewing the old four-cylinder engine in favour of a smoother two litre V6 twin turbo. The four wheel drive transmission was retained.

Production in the United States began on May 24, 1993 when the first seventh generation Galant rolled off the assembly line in Normal, Illinois. In 1994, a slightly upgraded GS version was available with a 160 hp (120 kW) twin cam engine, speed-sensitive steering, rear stabilizer bar, and an available manual transmission.

The seventh generation Galant, also known as the Mitsubishi Eterna, formed the basis of the Proton Perdana.

Eighth generation

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The eighth-generation 1996 model continued the 1992 design themes but a station wagon (known in Japan as the Mitsubishi Legnum) was added. The liftback was deleted. This model won the 1996–97 Car of the Year Japan award. Despite being superseded in the US from 2003, it remained on sale in other countries until 2006.

This model was also produced in Barcelona, Venezuela, at the only Mitsubishi plant in Latin America. At the beginning, the Galant was marketed in that country under the MX and MF names in 1997 and 1998 (Featuring a manual or INVECS-II semi-automatic transmission respectively), then kept the Galant name until the end of its production in 2006. Although the equipment options were limited, the VR-4 appearance package was offered in that market.

The American market Galant, introduced on July 7, 1998, graduated to the US Environmental Protection Agency‎‘s mid-size class. The front suspension switched from double-wishbones to struts, though the rear was upgraded with a stabilizer bar standard on all but the base DE model. ES, LS and GTZ models were offered with a 195 hp (145 kW) V6 engine, the 6G72 3.0 L, mated to a standard 4-speed conventional auto. Another difference from Asian and European models was lack of ABS, which was only installed on 3.0 L model.

Mitsubishi opted to further develop the technology in its range-topping VR-4, which was now powered by an enlarged 2.5 L V6 twin turbo. The car featured either a conventional 5-speed manual or INVECS-II transmission . Some models were also fitted with the same advanced active yaw control (AYC) as the Lancer Evolution, to give it greater agility than would be expected of such a large vehicle. Finally, as with the rest of the range, the VR-4 could now be had either as a Galant sedan or as a Legnum station wagon.

In some Asian markets Mitsubishi offered a 2.0 L MIVEC version of the 6A12 naturally aspirated V6 engine, badged as the “Galant 2.0A”. Output was placed at 200 hp (150 kW) and 147 lb·ft (199 N·m) of torque. The larger 2.5 L 6A13 was more common in the rest of the world.

In 1998 the company introduced the Mitsubishi Aspire. Externally identical to the regular Galant, the new model name denoted the newly-introduced gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines.

Ninth generation

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The United States has had the sedan-only ninth-generation PS platform model since October 15, 2003. It was announced at the 2003 New York International Auto Show in April for the 2004 model year, following the exhibition of the SSS concept sedan at the North American International Auto Show three years before.[7] The ninth-generation United States-sourced model is available for sale only in a few regional markets, namely North America, Puerto Rico, Mexico, Russia, Ukraine and Arabia. Russia began sourcing its Galants from the United States from 2006. The Arabian markets began sourcing its Galants from the United States from the 2007 model year.

A size increase resulted in slightly more interior space and a weight gain of several hundred pounds. The 4-cylinder engine, while still 2.4 liters in displacement, upgraded from Mitsubishi’s 4G64 design to the newer 4G69 design, resulting in a horsepower increase from 140 to 160. Likewise, the V6 jumped from a 3.0-liter with 190 hp (140 kW) to a 3.8 with 235. All North American Galants gained 4-wheel disc brakes but lost their rear stabilizer bar.

A Ralliart version joined for 2007, finally upgrading the V6 to a class-competitive 258 horsepower (192 kW) while also adding a firmer suspension, front strut tower bar, rear stabilizer bar, and 18-inch (460 mm) alloy wheels. For 2008, the trimming of models left the Ralliart as the only V6 model, and the Galant skips the 2008 model year in Canada, only to return in 2009 with the facelifted model.

Mitsubishi also assembles and markets a modified version of the ninth-generation Galant in Taiwan. Taiwan was one of the first regions outside the Americas to market the vehicle, when the Galant Grunder (now known simply as Grunder) was launched in December 2004 with a unique front end. In addition, this model is also sold in the Philippines as the Galant 240M using the 2.4 liter MIVEC engine.[8] It is also sold in China.[9]

A localized version called the 380 was manufactured in Australia for the Australia-New Zealand market, replacing the long-lived Magna line.

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The Mitsubishi Lancer is a family car built by Mitsubishi Motors. It has been known as the Colt Lancer, Dodge/Plymouth Colt, Chrysler Valiant Lancer, Chrysler Lancer, Eagle Summit, Hindustan Lancer, Soueast Lioncel, Mitsubishi Carisma, and Mitsubishi Mirage in various countries at different times, and will be sold as the Galant Fortis in its home market from 2007. It has also been sold as Lancer Fortis in Taiwan with a different facelift compared to Galant Fortis from September 15, 2007.

Since its introduction in 1973 over six million Lancers have been sold.[1]

First generation

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The Lancer (LA series in Australia, where it was called the Chrysler Valiant Lancer initially) was first launched in 1973 and proved to be particularly successful in rallies, a claim that it retains to this day. At the time of its launch, Mitsubishi had the Minica kei car and the compact Galant, so the Lancer served to fill the gap in the small to lower-medium segment of the growing Japanese market. Twelve models were launched, ranging from a basic 1.2 L sedan to a more powerful rally-derived 1600 GSR model.

There were three body styles, 2-door coupes, 4-door sedans, and a rarely seen 5-door station wagon.

Celeste

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In 1975, the Lancer was complemented by a hatchback coupé called the Mitsubishi Lancer Celeste (also called the Mitsubishi Celeste or Colt Celeste in some markets; it was the Chrysler Lancer Coupé in Australia and the Plymouth Arrow in the United States), and sold with 1.4 L and 1.6 L options (a 2.0 L model was added later)

Facelift and exports

A facelifted Lancer followed soon after, called the LB series in Australia (and without the Valiant tag). It was this series that emerged in the United States as the Dodge Colt for the 1977 model year, taking over from a badge-engineered Mitsubishi Galant from the previous year. It was offered for one more model year before the Dodge Colt name was transferred to the front wheel drive Mitsubishi Mirage.

Second generation

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In 1979, the Lancer EX was unveiled in Japan. Two engines were only offered back then, a 1.4 L MCA-JET equipped engine paired with Mitsubishi’s Silent Shaft Technology, which generated 80 hp (60 kW) and a 1.6 L engine that generated 85 hp (63 kW) and 100 hp (75 kW). The MCA-JET system was something new than the used carburetor system. The MCA stands for Mitsubishi Clean Air which meant that the EX passes both Japan and US emission standards whilst the new cylinder head design of the engine gave way for a third or Jet valve that introduces an extra swirl of air to the combustion chamber swirling the fuel-air mixture for a cleaner, efficient and thorough burn. Another new breakthrough in the Lancer is the Silent Shaft Technology which is actually two counterbalancing shafts that rotate in opposite directions, cancelling the power pulses a normal 4 cylinder engine would be inherent back then, reducing engine noise and vibration providing a smoother ride. The 1.8 L Sirius 80 engines was then introduced in the Lancer in 1980, along with a new 70 hp (52 kW), 1.2 L engine a year after providing a wider choice of engines for the Lancer. Also, a turbocharged, 135 PS (133 hp/99 kW) engine was added in 1980 for a sportier performance and an Intercooler system was integrated in the existing turbocharged engine to produce 165 PS (163 hp/121 kW) in 1983.

Lancer EX 2000 Turbo

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Rally Version of the Lancer EX 2000 Turbo

In Europe, the Lancer EX was offered with a turbocharged 2.0 L 4–cylinder engine known as the Lancer EX 2000 Turbo. It was the first Lancer to use the very first 4g63 engine which was then used in succeeding models such as the Mitsubishi Galant VR-4 and the Lancer Evolutions I to IX. It achieved a maximum output of 168 bhp (125 kW) and manages a top speed of 125 mph (201 km/h) in less than 15.5 s. A new feature on this model is that it is equipped with ECI or Advanced Electronically-Controlled Fuel Injection which gave the Lancer more power and outstanding fuel economy as it did 23.0 mpg in city driving and 28.8 to 37.2 mpg in highway driving. A rally version of the Lancer EX 2000 Turbo was made for the 1000 Lakes Rally that gave out 280 PS (276 hp/206 kW). Sales of this model were low because of emission regulations Japan imposed at that time.

Third generation

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In 1982, a new model was launched called the Lancer Fiore also known as third version, based on the Mitsubishi Mirage. The Fiore was often sold as a Lancer in international markets, but also the Mirage Sedan and, with the five-door hatchback model, remained in production for a good part of the 1980s. In Australia, it would eventually be sold as the Mitsubishi Colt Sedan although cosmetically different. Thus, Mitsubishi had two similarly sized models competing in the same market segment.

The following year, both Mirage and Lancer lines were renewed from the third generation. The Mirage four-door and Lancer sedan became the same car. Fuel injected and turbocharged models were an integral part of this range. A station wagon was added in 1985, and it spawned a raised, four wheel drive version. Often, the Mirage (or Colt) would be the name used on the three-door hatchback, and the Lancer name used on the remainder.

This model formed the basis of the original Proton sedan, the Saga, which was still in production until early 2008.

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1987 Mitsubishi Lancer Estate

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Dodge Colt 3-door (US)

Fourth generation

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In 1988, a more aerodynamic-looking Lancer was launched, following the shape of the Galant. A five-door hatchback was added to the range. The Mirage and Lancer nomenclature continued. The station wagon continued on the old platform and shape, as did, in some markets, a five-door version of the Mirage. In Australia, all models were sold as the Mitsubishi Lancer, initially designated as the CA series and from 1990 as the CB. By that time, the Lancer name was shared with the Dodge Lancer sold in North America. The sedan was sold as the Mirage Aspire in Japan.

In some markets a ‘van’ model was produced, being the three-door hatchback (which had an upright profile) without rear side window (this triggered a reduced sales tax burden in the Dutch market).

Fifth generation (CB0)

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It was only in 1991 that there was greater differentiation between the Mirage and Lancer. Although both were on the same platform, the Lancer sedan received different sheetmetal from the Mirage four-door. The Mirage variant was sold in North America under the Eagle Summit name. Minivan models, such as the Mitsubishi Space Runner and Mitsubishi Chariot, were mechanically related. In 1993, the Lancer wagon, named the Libero in Japan, was launched. An electric version was also released named the Libero EV that ran on NiCd batteries. A V6 variant was also introduced with only 1.6 L, making it the smallest mass-produced V6. The high-performance, turbocharged GSR version formed the basis of the contemporary Lancer Evolution (or ‘Lancer Evo’) from September 1993, using the drivetrain of the successful Galant VR-4 rally car.

The Mirage Asti Coupé in Japan was offered as the Lancer Coupé in many export markets.

The fifth generation Lancer was rebadged as the Proton Wira sedan and 5-door hatchback models in Malaysia in 1993 with 1.3, 1.5, 1.6 and 1.8 L engine capacities. A short-lived 2.0 L diesel model was also available. Currently, the car has stopped production as one of the longest running Proton models in Malaysia after Proton Saga, which is also based on a previous Lancer model. The Proton Wira was recently replaced by Proton‘s latest model, the Proton Persona

Sixth generation

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In 1995, the Lancer was renewed for its sixth generation, building on the earlier model’s format. Apart from the Evo models’ continuation, it did not depart from the established Lancer formula. A sedan and wagon (Libero in Japan) were offered, with a related Mirage model. The coupé continued as the Mirage Asti in Japan, known as the Lancer Coupé elsewhere. The 1995 Lancer (Model from 1995-2002 in some countries) is more popularly known as the 1997 Lancer. A turbocharged GSR version continued to be sold until the end of the 1990s. This platform was also the basis for the Mirage, as it was known in North America and various other markets.

From 1996-2004, the Mitsubishi Carisma replaced the Mitsubishi Lancer in some markets.

It is of note, that the Lancer Evolution V was the only Lancer Evolution to gain Mitsubishi the WRC constructors championship. However, driver Tommi Makinen was able to claim four WRC driver’s championships for himself, in 1996-1999, driving Mitsubishi’s Lancer Evolution III, IV, V & VI.

Seventh generation

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The year 2000 saw the release of the seventh-generation Lancer Cedia in Japan (meaning – Century Diamond); though in most markets the seventh generation Lancer continued, built at Mitsubishi’s Mizushima plant in Japan. The new model was available in sedan and station wagon forms. The Mirage, apart from the export models, became a different car in Japan that was unrelated to the Lancer. In Europe, the Lancer was not offered in some countries, being too close to the size of the Dutch-built Carisma, so the Evo VII model sold there bore the Carisma name. This is the first generation in many years where the Lancer nameplate is universally used. It is still sold in Japan where the eighth generation Lancer is known as Galant Fortis

In North America, the Lancer Cedia was introduced in 2002 as a direct replacement for the Mirage. It is powered by a 2.0 L 4G94 engine producing 120 hp (89 kW) and 130 ft·lbf (176 N·m) of torque.

In Australia, the seventh generation Lancer was introduced as the CG series in July 2002 with the 2.0 L 4G94 engine. It was introduced as a replacement for the seventh generation sedan, and was sold alongside the popular seventh generation coupe.

Mid-generation facelift (2003-06)

For 2004, a heavily restyled Lancer surfaced with a front facia that brought it into line with the Mitsubishi corporate look, as well as a restyled rear, to further differentiate itself from the Lancer Evolution and for a more modern appearance.

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2002-2003 Mitsubishi Lancer (US)

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2006 Mitsubishi Lancer ES (US)

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2004-2005 Mitsubishi Lancer Sportback ES (US)

North America

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2006 Mitsubishi Lancer Ralliart sedan (North America)


In North America, additional minor styling changes also occurred for 2005 and 2006. For the 2005 model year, the grille was changed to include more fins to reflect a closer similarity to the North American Galant. For the 2006 model year, the fascia was changed again from a bridged fascia to one with an open vent after Mitsubishi received complaints from current owners regarding its similarity in appearance to General Motors Division Pontiac‘s corporate look, and to bring the appearance closer to its bigger brother, the Evolution.

In Mexico, the Lancer was available in DE, ES, LS and GS trims with a 2.0 L DOHC 4G63 engine. There were no estate versions: only the four-door saloon.

Ralliart

In addition to the facelift, North America received two additional models to the Lancer line in 2004 – Sportback and Ralliart. The latter slated in between the base and high performance Evolution model. Both the Sportback and Ralliart had high levels of equipment, based on the Australian Lancer VR-X. The main difference being that these cars came equipped with Mitsubishi’s 2.4 L4G69 engine (rated at 160 hp (119 kW)/162 ft·lbf for the Sportback, and 162 hp (121 kW)/162 ft·lbf for the Ralliart), included a new, stiffer suspension package that improved handling and lowered the cars stance by 1 centimeter, 16″ alloy wheels, front bucket seats borrowed from Japan’s Mitsubishi Evolution GT-A, Fog Lamps, and a new aerodynamic ground package. The Ralliart also came equipped with a cosmetic rear deck spoiler, and clear rear tail lights. The Sportback was equipped with a 4-speed INVECS-II automatic transmission, with no option for a manual transmission, while the Ralliart came with a 5-speed manual transmission with an option for the 4-speed automatic. The Sportback was also available in the lower spec LS trim.

Due to Mitsubishi’s deteriorating financial situation and slow sales, the Lancer Sportback wagon was cancelled in the United States one year after its release. But the Mitsubishi Lancer wagon was sold in Canada, Japan, Europe, Australia and New Zealand, and is still available in at least the last as of February 2009. The Lancer Ralliart is based on the Evo VII-VIII and Lancer OZ Rally.

Australia

The 2003 facelift, designated the CH series[6], introduced a heavily updated VR-X, which included new 16″ alloys, stiffer suspension, body styling kit, and gear shifter borrowed from the Lancer Evolution. In 2004, the new Lancer wagon was introduced as a direct replacement for its ageing predecessor).

In August 2005, all Lancers were upgraded to the 2.4 L 4G69 engine, producing 115 kW (154 hp) and 220 N·m (162 lb·ft) of torque. The upgraded engine also saw a change in trim levels and upgraded equipment—the ES and LS models now featured a more upmarket looking black interior, while the VR-X gained a new black grille to closer resemble the Lancer Evolution IX. The equipment levels of all models were also upgraded, with the LS and VR-X gaining climate control, and a premium audio system sourced from the luxury Mitsubishi Verada. The Exceed model was discontinued, and all updated models now used JDM sized rear bumpers instead of the larger USDM sized versions. Additionally, the wagon also saw these changes; and as of 2007, continues to be sold alongside the sedan.

The ES and LS models were given a minor facelift for the 2007 model year; this time gaining the same front grille as the US models, and putting it into line with the current corporate look—similar to that of the Colt and the locally built 380. Prior to the introduction of the all-new ninth generation Lancer, a limited edition ES model dubbed ‘Velocity’ went on sale. This package included VR-X grill, rear spoiler, leather/alcantara bolsted seats, sports pedals, 15″ OZ alloy wheels and chrome exhaust tip—all for the same price as the previous standard ES.

Other markets

In Japan, the Lancer Cedia was offered with many different trim levels and engines, including options which were never seen in export markets. It was also one of the first models to use the INVECS-III CVT transmission. There was also a Ralliart version of the sportswagon which was powered by a turbocharged 1.8 L GDI engine. As of 2007, the seventh generation Lancer sedan is still being sold alongside the new eighth generation, which is known in the home market as the Galant Fortis.

In Pakistan, this variant was launched in 2005 with cosmetic changes from the front and the back. Thai production was switched to the new model, and in all markets except for India the seventh-generation model was no longer marketed, four years after the Cedia’s introduction.

India received the new Lancer in 2006, known locally as the Mitsubishi Cedia to distinguish it from this version that is still assembled and sold as the Lancer because of its continued popularity.

In some European markets, the Lancer began to take the place of the Carisma in 2004. It is powered by a 1.3 L SOHC 4G13, 1.6 L SOHC 4G18 engine and a 2.0 L DOHC 4G63 (all 4-cylinder).

In Malaysia, the Lancer was made available after Mitsubishi had sold all its shares in Malaysian carmaker Proton, marking the return of Mitsubishi in Malaysian market after being absent since 1985 due to the agreement with Proton. The Lancer sold in Malaysia was powered by the 4G18 engine which also powered the early 1.6 Proton Waja model.

In the Philippines, the Lancer underwent a facelift, now without the central semi-triangle in the grille. It is offered in 2 trims, the base GLX with a 5-speed manual and the GLS with an all-new INVECS-III CVT with manual override. All of them are powered with an l4 1.6L 4G16 SOHC engine.

Eighth generation

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In 2005, Mitsubishi revealed the Concept-X model car at the Tokyo Motor Show and its Concept-Sportback model at the Frankfurt motor show. The new Lancer is based on these two concepts. The new Lancer was officially revealed in January 2007 at the Detroit Motor Show and went on sale in North American markets on March 2007 as a 2008 model. New Lancer features Mitsubishi’s next-generation RISE safety body

North America

For the United States, the new Lancer was initially available in DE, ES, and GTS trim levels.[7] DE and ES are powered by a GEMA based 4B11, 2.0 liter DOHC engine producing 152 hp (113 kW) (except for California models which have been detuned to 143 hp (107 kW) to meet regulations). Transmission options include a brand new CVT, sourced from Jatco (code: F1CJA), alongside a regular 5-speed manual sourced from Aisin AI (code: F5MBB). GTS models get a 6-speed (fixed gears in sport mode) paddle shift version of the CVT.

In Canada, a fourth model (SE) was introduced to the Lancer lineup late in the model year. The SE model is a cross between the ES and GTS models. It includes the skirt package similar to the GTS, a rear spoiler, and unlike the GTS model, the SE includes a sunroof. Features not included in the SE model that are found in the GTS are the FAST key, Bluetooth hands-free cell phone interface, automatic climate control, Rockford Fosgate sound system, carbon fiber trim pieces, leather wrapped steering wheel and shift knob, and 18″ wheels.

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2010 Mitsubishi Lancer Ralliart Sportback (North America)

For U.S. markets, starting with the 2009 model year, an ES-Sport version was released similar to the SE model for the Canadian market. Externally the ES-Sport is similar in appaearance to the GTS’ skirts, spoiler, mirrors, etc (with the exception of the wheels, the ES-Sport retains the ES wheelset). The ES-Sport also uses the ES 2.0 liter engine.[8]

For 2009, the GTS is powered by a 2.4 L 4B12 engine producing 168hp and 167 lb ft.[8]

Mitsubishi plans on selling the five-door hatchback version, known as the Sportback, in the U.S. for the 2010 model year, starting in late Summer 2009.

Australia

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2008-09 Mitsubishi Lancer VRX


The Lancer was released in Australia in October 2007[10], designated as the CJ series[11]. It will come in ES, VR, VRX and, since the forth quarter of 2008, Aspire trim levels. Active stability control and traction control will be standard on all models. Standard on the ES will be dual front airbags and a driver knee airbag. The VR and VRX will get side and curtain airbags also. It will have a 2 litre 4B11, 113 kW (152 hp) engine and be equipped with a 5-speed manual or with a 6 speed CVT transmission as a $AUD2300 option. A Ralliart model will follow, and a Lancer Evolution will also make the line up. The Lancer also scored a maximum of 5 stars in the ANCAP crash test.[12] As of September 2008, Mitsubishi’s Australian website revealed a new trim level called Aspire. A 2.4 litre engine has been introduced for the Aspire along with leather seats, High Intensity Discharge headlights, Rockord-Fosgate premium sound system and CVT as standard. The MMCS entertainment and satellite navigation unit is an option. The VRX has been upgraded with the larger engine. The Lancer Sportback is now available in Australia as of October 2008, the model line up includes ES, VR, VRX and Ralliart.




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